Electronic signatures will be classified according to the risk levels of the documents to be signed, within three types: (i) simple, which (a) allows the identification of the signor, and (b) attaches or associates data to other data in the signor’s electronic format; (ii) advanced, which (a) is associated with the signor in an unambiguous way, (b) uses data for its creation allowing the signor, with a high degree of security, to operate under its exclusive control, and (c) allow the detection of any modification after the signature on the document; and (iii) qualified, which uses the digital certificate, under the terms of Provisional Measure No. 2,200-2/2001.
The MP establishes that each entity of the Public Power or autonomous body of each federative entity will define the type of signature that will be accepted, subject to following guidelines:
- Simple electronic signatures may be used in any interaction with a public entity that does not involve information protected by confidentiality.
- Advanced electronic signatures will be accepted whenever simple electronic signatures are accepted and also in interactions with a public entity that involves information protected by secrecy, and in the registration of acts with the board of commerce.
- Qualified electronic signatures will be required in acts relating to the transfer and registration of real estate; in normative acts signed by the heads of the Government, Ministers of State or by autonomous bodies of a federal entity; and in the other cases provided for by law.
Furthermore, the MP determines that the new forms of signature are not applicable to: (i) lawsuits; (ii) in communications (a) between private individuals and legal entities; (b) in which anonymity is allowed; and (c) in which the identification of the individuals is waived; (iii) public entities’ ombudsman systems; (iv) assistance programs for victims and witnesses under threat; and (v) in other cases in which it is necessary to guarantee confidentiality of the individual’s identity when acting before the public entity.
In relation to medical documents, such as certificates and others, advanced and qualified electronic signatures will be accepted. The hypotheses and criteria for the validation of medical documents will be specified by an act of the Minister of Health or of the Collegiate Board of the Brazilian Health Agency (“Anvisa”), according to their competencies.
The most relevant change in the area of health concerns the criteria for issuing medical prescriptions, in which the obligation to write in ink was replaced by the need to include the professional’s electronic signature in the prescription issued electronically. Such format of prescription shall also observe the requirements defined by the Collegiate Board of Anvisa or the Minister of Health.
The MP also has provisions regarding the source code of the software developed by the public administration, defining that all will be governed by an open source license, allowing it to be shared with public agencies and entities. Exceptions to the rule apply to systems whose source code has restricted access to information; data stored by information and communication systems; components owned by third parties; and systems development contracts signed before the MP became effective and which contain a clause that does not allow an open source license.
Physical signatures continue to be valid and the public bodies are not required to adopt the new means of electronic signature established by the MP. Systems that already use digital signatures must be compliant with the new rules by December 1, 2020. State services that do not establish their own rules will follow the general rules to be defined by the federal government.